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Bessie Coleman (1892 - 1926)

Pioneering the Skies and Shattering Barriers.


Born in 1892, Bessie Coleman defied the odds and soared to become the first African American and Native American woman to earn a pilot's license. Her journey was not just about conquering the skies but also about breaking through racial and gender barriers that seemed insurmountable in her time.


Bessie Coleman was born to a family of sharecroppers in Texas, a time and place where racial segregation and discrimination were harsh realities. Her mother, Susan, was African American , and her father George Coleman was  of mixed Native American and African American descent. Despite facing immense challenges due to her race and gender, Bessie remained undeterred in her pursuit of her dreams. Growing up in a world where opportunities for African Americans, especially women, were limited, she dared to dream of the impossible: to fly.


In an era when access to education for African Americans was severely restricted, Bessie's thirst for knowledge and her unyielding determination led her to seek opportunities wherever she could find them. Denied entry to aviation schools in the United States due to her race and gender, she refused to accept defeat. Undeterred, she set her sights on France, where she could pursue her passion for flying without the same discriminatory barriers she faced at home.


In 1921, Bessie Coleman made history by earning her pilot's license from the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale in France. This remarkable achievement not only propelled her into the realm of aviation pioneers but also inspired countless others to defy expectations and pursue their dreams against all odds. Her daring aerial maneuvers, including loop-the-loops and intricate figure eights, captivated audiences on both sides of the Atlantic, propelling her to fame and acclaim. Bessie's courageous spirit and unwavering determination opened doors for future generations of women and people of color in aviation and beyond.


Just two years into her flying career, tragedy struck when Bessie survived a harrowing plane crash in 1923. Despite suffering serious injuries, including a broken leg and cracked ribs, she remained undeterred, returning to the skies with renewed determination. Her perseverance paid off as she saved enough money to purchase her own plane, a Jenny-JN-4 with an OX-5 engine, marking a milestone in her aviation journey.


Bessie with her own Jenny-JN-4 plane.

Bessie's commitment to equality was unwavering, even in the face of adversity. When faced with segregated seating at a performance in her hometown of Texas, she demanded a single entrance for all attendees, refusing to compromise her principles. Her courageous stance earned her widespread admiration and respect, solidifying her legacy as a champion of equality.


Bessie Coleman's legacy extends far beyond her accomplishments in the skies. She used her platform as a trailblazing aviator to advocate for racial equality and justice. In an era of segregation and discrimination, she refused to perform at airshows that prohibited African American audiences, sending a powerful message of resistance against racial injustice.


Tragically, Bessie Coleman's life was cut short in a plane accident in 1926, but her legacy continues to inspire generations of aviators and activists. From annual flyovers at her grave to aviation clubs named in her honor, her impact reverberates throughout the world. In recognition of her contributions, she was commemorated on a U.S. postage stamp and honored with a special quarter in the American Women Quarters™ Program, ensuring that her trailblazing spirit will never be forgotten.



Bessie Coleman's journey from a Texas farm to the clouds above is a testament to the power of perseverance, courage, and determination. Her legacy serves as a beacon of hope and inspiration for people everywhere, reminding us that no dream is too big and no barrier too high to overcome. As we celebrate her achievements, let us honor her memory by continuing to strive for equality, justice, and inclusion in all aspects of society. Bessie Coleman may have left this world too soon, but her spirit continues to soar, inspiring generations to reach for the stars and beyond.




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